Housing is perhaps the greatest challenge this government faces. The chronic lack of social housing coupled with rising house prices intensifies the issue of growing homelessness.
In recent years four Government housing strategies, addressing this crisis seems to have failed to bring solution to this real issue felt by too many citizens in this Republic.
In a statement on Tuesday of this week, the Jesuit Centre for Faith and Justice claims that Rebuilding Ireland, the Government’s Action Plan for Housing and Homelessness, relies far too heavily on market-based solutions to the problems facing Irish housing. For this reason it predicts that the Plan will fail in its stated objective of developing a housing system that is “affordable, stable and sustainable”.
Fr Peter McVerry SJ of the Jesuit Centre said: “Despite the efforts of Government over the fifteen months since Rebuilding Ireland was published, homelessness has increased by 27%, asking prices for houses rose by 12%, new rental prices increased by 11.8 %, and the availability of rental properties within the limits for the various rent supplementation schemes diminished.”
“The policy of the past 25 years has led to a chronic under-supply of real social housing. It has resulted in the homelessness crisis we are now experiencing, and in the trebling of the number of households on housing waiting lists between 1996 and 2016.”
“The cost of the various schemes, including Rent Supplement and HAP, over the period 2011 to 2017 will come to around €3.8 billion. In 2018, €729.5 million will be spent on these schemes – a staggering €2 million per day.
“And from all of this expenditure, there will not be a single additional unit of housing added to the publicly-owned stock.” McVerry continued: “While the Action Plan will bring some improvement, overall the determination to continue with the market-dominated approaches which have prevailed over the past twenty-five years means that unaffordable rents and escalating house prices will continue, as will the enormous difficulties created by a failure to provide an adequate supply of local authority and voluntary sector housing.”
Margaret Burns, Social Policy Officer with the Centre, said: “As we mark the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty, we need to recognise that housing deprivation is one of the most serious forms of poverty in the Ireland of today and that in recent years the housing system has become the locus of some of the deepest inequality evident in our society”.
Burns continued: “The Jesuit Centre is calling for a new direction for housing policy in Ireland, one based on recognising that housing is a fundamental human right.
“Noting that Ireland gave a commitment to implement this right when it ratified a number of international human rights treaties, Rebuilding Ireland does not even mention of the right to housing.”
Regarding policy actions needed, the Jesuit Centre argues that there needs to be a very significant increase in the provision of local authority housing, along with increased supply by approved housing bodies, co-operatives or some new not-for-profit entity.
Furthermore, it says, the principle that ‘social housing need’ will be met by housing of this type must become a central feature of Irish housing policy. This would mean reversing the policy of successive governments of relying, to an ever-increasing extent, on rent supplementation of different kinds as a way of meeting long-term social housing need. Rebuilding Ireland, it says, proposes the continuation and intensification of this approach.
Fr McVerry said: “Obviously even if a decision to reverse the current policy is taken now it will take many years to provide the large-scale supply of social housing that is needed.
“But if that decision is not taken now, then the time for achieving a better, more secure and affordable system for meeting social housing needs will become ‘never’.”
The Centre also urges the urgent development of publicly-provided ‘cost rental’ model of housing, to ensure a more affordable form of rental than is provided by the private sector. If supplied on a sufficient scale, this type of housing could promote social integration and address the needs the large number of households now having to spend a totally disproportionate share of their incomes on rent.
Referring to the private rental sector, the Jesuit Centre says that given the pace at which rents are rising throughout the country, rent regulation should now be extended to all areas, but that permitted rent increases should be in line with the Consumer Price Index only.
It also urges further measures to increase security of tenure and to ensure that regulations regarding standards are met. However, it says that there is need for realism as to how much of a role the sector can play in meeting Ireland’s growing housing needs – Rebuilding Ireland’s expectations of what the sector can supply are out of line, the Centre suggests, with the reality of how private rental actually operates in Ireland.
Finally, the Centre says that there is need to reduce the price of housing, so that it is no longer so out of line with other indicators such as earning and the Consumer Price Index.
Otherwise, there will be a continuance in the decline in home-ownership which has occurred since the early 1990s, and has resulted in Ireland now having an ownership rate that is below the EU average, with only five other Member States having a lower rate.
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